South Australia

South Australia is in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the continent. With a total land area of 983,482 square kilometres (379,725 sq mi), it is the fourth largest of Australia's states and territories.

With over 1.6 million people, the state comprises less than 8% of the Australian population and ranks fifth in population among the six states and two territories. The majority of the state's population lives within Greater Adelaide's metropolitan area which had an estimated population of 1,262,940 in 2011 (77.1% of the state). Other significant population centres include Mount Gambier (28,313), Whyalla (22,489), Murray Bridge (17,152), Port Lincoln (15,682), Port Pirie (14,281), Port Augusta (14,196), and Victor Harbor (13,671).


Adelaide is the capital city of the state and is the fifth-largest city in Australia. Adelaide had an estimated resident population of 1.29 million and the city stretches 12 miles from the coast to the foothills, and 56 miles from Gawler at its northern extent to Sellicks Beach in the south.

As South Australia's seat of government and commercial centre, Adelaide is the site of many governmental and financial institutions. Most of these are concentrated in the city centre and in various districts of the metropolitan area. Adelaide is noted for is many festivals and sporting events, its food and wine, its long beachfronts, and its large defence and manufacturing sectors. It ranks highly in terms of liveability, being listed in the Top 10 of The Economist’s world's most livable cities index in 2012 and it was also ranked the most liveable city in Australia by the Property Council of Australia in 2013.


Adelaide has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate with hot dry summers and mild winters, with most precipitation falling in the winter months. Rainfall is unreliable, light and infrequent throughout summer. In contrast, the winter has fairly reliable rainfall with June being the wettest month of the year, averaging around 80 mm. Frosts are occasional and hail is also common in winter. Snowfall in the metropolitan area is uncommon.


Education forms an increasingly important part of the city's economy, with the South Australian Government and educational institutions attempting to position Adelaide as "Australia's education hub" and marketing it as a "Learning City."

At the level of primary and secondary education, there are two systems of school education. There is a public system operated by the South Australian Government and a private system of independent and Catholic schools. All schools provide education under the South Australian Certificate of Education (SACE) or, to a lesser extent, the International Baccllaureate (IB), with Adelaide having the highest number of IB schools in Australia.

There are three public universities local to Adelaide, as well as one private university and three constituent colleges of foreign universities. There are several South Australian TAFE (Technical and Further Education) campuses in the metropolitan area which provide a range of vocational education and training. The Adelaide College of the Arts, as a school of TAFE SA, provides nationally recognised training in visual and performing arts.


In South Australia, the majority of properties are on freehold land and are sold under a process of offer and acceptance. Properties are also purchased and acquired by auction.

The Adelaide metropolitan area median property price was $425 000 in December 2014. For more market information including prices on specific suburbs (including regional areas), advice on purchasing property and properties for sale visit the Real Estate Institute of South Australia (REISA) website.

There is also a wide range of rental options available in Adelaide – from basic units to luxury mansions, short or long term and furnished or unfurnished. The median rent for a three bedroom house in the Adelaide metropolitan area was approximately $418 per week in March 2015.

International transport links

Being centrally located on the Australian mainland, Adelaide forms a strategic transport hub for east-west and north-south routes.

The Adelaide metropolitan area has two commercial Airports, Adelaide and Parafield. Adelaide Airport is closer to the city centre than any other international airport in Australia.

Adelaide Airport, in Adelaide's western suburbs, serves in excess of 7 million passengers annually. The airport is serviced by eight international airlines in addition to domestic, regional and charter operators. Adelaide Airport currently has direct international flights servicing Auckland, Denpasar, Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong and Singapore.


South Australia's largest employment sector is health care and social assistance, surpassing manufacturing as the largest employer since 2006–07. Health care and social assistance represented nearly 13% of the state average annual employment. The retail trade is the second largest employer in SA (2009–10), with 91,900 jobs, and 12 per cent of the state workforce. Manufacturing, defence technology, high tech electronic systems and research, commodity export and corresponding service industries all play a role in the SA economy. Adelaide has over 40% of Australia's high-tech electronics industry which designs and produces electronic systems that are sold worldwide for applications in medical, communications, defence, automotive, food and wine processing and industrial sectors.

Business opportunities

Small businesses employ more than half of the South Australian workforce and account for a significant proportion of South Australia's business activity, with 142,176 small businesses making up 96 per cent of all South Australian businesses in 2010-11. Most small businesses in South Australia are self-employed individuals (61.9 per cent) with 21.8 per cent employing one to four people and 12.3 per cent employing five to 19 peopleii. Small businesses employ over 400,000 people which is around 55 per cent of all South Australian private sector workers. The majority (79.8 per cent) of small businesses in South Australia were in the service sector in 2010-2011, followed by the agricultural sector with 13.7 per cent of small businesses.

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